Stay on Track for Retirement by Knowing How Much You Need to Save by What Age
Retirement planning involves determining the amount you need to save in order to retire comfortably. This figure varies from person to person and primarily depends on your current income and the lifestyle you desire during retirement.
The initial step towards achieving your retirement goals is to calculate how much you should save considering your current age. This can be done using straightforward formulas that guide you on your savings journey.
How Much Do I Need to Save to Retire?
Retirement experts often suggest useful strategies for planning your retirement. One such approach is saving an amount equivalent to 10 times your annual salary before retirement. Additionally, they recommend aiming to live on 80% of your pre-retirement income annually.
- Advertisement -
For example, if your pre-retirement income is $100,000 per year, you should strive to have at least $80,000 per year during retirement to maintain a comfortable lifestyle after you stop working.
Keep in mind that this target can be adjusted based on various factors. Other sources of income like Social Security, pensions, and part-time employment may influence the amount you need. Moreover, your health and desired lifestyle can also play a role in determining your specific retirement savings goal.
The 4% Rule
To calculate the amount you need to save for your desired retirement income, you can use a straightforward formula called the “4% rule.” This rule involves dividing your desired annual retirement income by 4%.
For example, if you want an annual retirement income of $80,000, you would need a retirement savings of approximately $2 million ($80,000 / 0.04). The 4% rule assumes a 5% return on investments after taxes and inflation, and it doesn’t take into account any additional retirement income, such as Social Security.
It also assumes that you will maintain a lifestyle similar to the one you have at the time of retirement.
- Advertisement -
Keep in mind that the 4% rule is generally designed for a retirement period of around 30 years. If you expect to live longer in retirement, you may need to adjust your savings strategy accordingly, as medical costs and other expenses can increase as you age.
Retirement Savings by Age
Understanding the appropriate amount to save for retirement at different stages of your life is crucial in addressing the essential question: “How much do I need to retire?” Below, we present a few helpful formulas that can guide you in setting age-based savings goals as you prepare for retirement.
Percentage of Your Salary
To determine the amount you should aim to accumulate at different stages of your life, considering a percentage of your salary can be beneficial.
- Advertisement -
According to Fidelity Investments, a recommended approach is to save 15% of your gross salary, beginning in your 20s, and maintaining this savings rate throughout your working years. This includes contributions to different retirement accounts and any additional contributions your employer may provide if you have access to a 401(k) or another employer-sponsored plan.
How Much to Save for Retirement by Age
Fidelity Investments provides useful benchmarks, considering multiples of your annual earnings, to determine how much you should ideally have saved for retirement by specific ages.
|Target Retirement Savings by Age|
|30||1x annual salary|
|40||3x annual salary|
|50||6x annual salary|
|60||8x annual salary|
|67||10x annual salary|
An Alternative Formula
Another helpful rule of thumb suggests saving 25% of your gross salary annually, beginning in your 20s. While the 25% may seem like a significant amount, it encompasses not just your 401(k) contributions and employer matches but also other forms of retirement savings.
If you follow this formula, it should allow you to accumulate your full annual salary by age 30. Continuing at the same average savings rate should yield the following:
- Age 35—two times annual salary
- Age 40—three times annual salary
- Age 45—four times annual salary
- Age 50—five times annual salary
- Age 55—six times annual salary
- Age 60—seven times annual salary
- Age 65—eight times annual salary
Retirement Savings Confidence by Age
Worried that you might not be saving enough for retirement? You’re not the only one. As of 2021, there were around 60 million active 401(k) participants, along with former employees and retired adults. People’s attitudes toward retirement differ widely based on their age.
According to the 2022 Investopedia Financial Literacy Study, most adults expect to retire, with 57% of Generation Z and 62% of Millennials expressing this expectation. For Generation X, the number is even higher, with almost 66% anticipating retirement.
Younger adults, between 18 and 25 years old, appear to be the most optimistic about early retirement, with many in Generation Z believing they will retire by age 57.
These numbers appear more positive than the data from the 2021 Natixis Global Retirement Index, which indicated that a majority of adults were expecting to work longer than they originally planned, with about 40% stating that it would take a miracle to retire comfortably. The COVID-19-related economic instability may have influenced this data.
Investopedia’s study also reveals that not all adults feel confident about understanding retirement planning. Retirement ranks as the third least-understood concept, after digital currencies and investing. Additionally, retirement stands out as the top personal finance concern for around one-sixth of all respondents surveyed.
How to Calculate Retirement Savings
Apart from the methods mentioned earlier to figure out your desired savings and target age, online calculators can serve as valuable tools to assist you in achieving your retirement savings goals. These calculators can provide insights into how adjusting your savings and withdrawal rates can affect your retirement nest egg.
While numerous online retirement savings calculators are available, some stand out as particularly effective. Two worth considering are the T. Rowe Price Retirement Income Calculator and MaxiFi ESPlanner. These calculators can offer valuable assistance in planning for your retirement.
Frequently Asked Questions
How Much Does a Couple Need to Retire?
Similar to individuals, the amount a couple needs to save for a comfortable retirement relies on their present yearly earnings and the lifestyle they envision post-retirement. Many experts suggest aiming for a retirement income of around 80% of the couple’s final pre-retirement annual earnings. Additionally, Fidelity Investments recommends saving an amount equal to 10 times your yearly income by the age of 67. Following these guidelines can help couples prepare for a financially secure retirement.
What Is the 4% Rule?
The 4% rule is a guideline used to determine how much a retiree can withdraw annually from a retirement account. It is intended to make retirement savings last for 30 years.
How Much Should I Save for Retirement Each Year?
One rule of thumb is to save 15% of your annual earnings. In a perfect world, savings would begin in your 20s and last throughout your working years.
The Bottom Line
The amount you save for retirement may vary over time, but the key is to strive towards your savings goal and monitor your progress at regular intervals to ensure you’re on the right track.
If you have access to a 401(k), it can be an excellent starting point for your retirement savings. If not, you can consider opening an Individual Retirement Account (IRA). To help you find the best places to set up Roth IRAs and IRAs, we have compiled lists of brokers specializing in retirement accounts, considering the significant importance of saving for retirement.
Trade on the Go. Anywhere, Anytime
You can now access one of the world’s largest crypto-asset exchanges, offering competitive fees and dedicated customer support for secure trading. With Binance, you get access to helpful tools, such as viewing trade history, managing auto-investments, and analyzing price charts without any fees. Creating an account is free, and you can join millions of traders and investors participating in the global crypto market.